Undershaw, the home designed and built by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle for his ailing wife, is due to be redeveloped into upscale terraced homes. The Save Undershaw Preservation Trust needs the attentions of those who would help save this historic Edwardian home and allow it to be restored to its grandeur as a place of historic and literary significance for generations to come.
This home's potential fate is just one example of today's develop-at-will pattern and how we are allowing our history to be eroded before our very eyes until we can't remember, let alone protect, those things that have enraptured us for generations. Our historic past cannot be brought back to life once it has been destroyed for a few dollars.
This is a simple trick to help a child (or anyone) who is afraid of darkness at bedtime. Utilizing a very old pirate technique, you can prepare yourself for darkness and/or a sudden ninja attack under a starless sky.
When I was a kid, I was afraid of the dark. Anything could be happening in darkness. A mindless zombie could be stumbling toward me. A demon could be clawing up from the reaches of Heck and discover the passageway between the netherworld and my bedroom closet.
This technique is in keeping with my own geeky "lets learn something" (or "teach a child to fish rather than the location of the local fish market") parenting philosophy. Certainly, there are complex psychological issues at play here but a simple fear of darkness may be aided by this technique. Most important is the fact that you are acknowledging your child's fear and helping him or her understand and use his own body processes to help him adapt to the situation. It's impossible to promise you will always light up the dark but it is possible to help a child understand how his eyes adjust to it.
You Need: One Kid One Eye Patch
Explain to the child the purpose behind pirate eye patches. They were not simply a fashion accessory or a means to cover the an empty eye socket. Eye patches enabled people to keep one eye adapted to darkness at all times.
Once a person has been in the dark for 20-30 minutes, their eyes adjust to the darkness. For pirates, being on the deck of a ship with eyes adapted to the sunlight meant having very poor vision when going below deck where light was scarce. Because they couldn't simply flip a switch, they kept one eye ready for the dark by keeping it in the dark--behind an eye patch.
Experiment with the eye patch. Allow the child to wear it over one eye for at least 30 minutes. Explain that the uncovered eye is the "light" eye (adjusted for light) and the covered eye is the "dark" eye (adjusted for darkness). Keep the child in an area with bright light to ensure that the contrast between the light-adapted and darkness-adapted eye is as great as possible. Then take him or her into a room that can be darkened. Assure him that you are right there and hold hands or sit next to the to make him comfortable.
Then turn off the lights and have the child take off the patch. Have him open one eye at a time, back and forth, and discuss his impressions. Take it very slowly. There may be little or no improvement in his fear. Ask how much he can see with both eyes. The "light" eye will make the room appear almost entirely dark while the "dark" eye will enable him to see shapes and discern the major features of the room. This is what the darkness looks like after adjusting. Not so bad, is it?
The difference between light-adapted and darkness-adapted eyes is easier to see when compared immediately.
Putting Theory Into Practice Instead of simply convincing the child that his or her eyes will adjust to darkness at night, make the adjustment to darkness instantaneous by having the child wear an eye patch at least 30 minutes before bedtime each night. Take it slowly. The child may not be ready for total darkness but may be willing to try it briefly or may allow for less illumination than before.
When the child goes to bed, have him or her take off the eye patch just as the lights are extinguished. Explain how he should close his "light" eye and use the "dark" eye to see better in the dark until the "light" eye has adapted. Then remind him to compare the vision of each eye while the other is closed and see the contrast. This might help alleviate some fears of the dark.
The eye patch should come off before bed, but only just before. You don't want a strap on a child's head at night. The elastic can slip down around a child's neck while in bed so it should be completely removed. Besides, once the lights are out, there is no point to wearing it anymore.
Good luck! At the very least, your child will understand a little more about human biology. For further information that older children may be interested in, and an explanation how consumption of vitamin A is important in eye adaption to light conditions, you may also want to refer to this article: "How Eyes Adjust to Darkness."
This is a simple method for creating a recessed mounting system for flat-back plaster objects. The resultant hangers will allow the objects to hang flat against a wall. Hanging wire is embedded in modeling clay before being pressed into wet plaster. The clay is later removed and the result is a cavity with a recessed hanging wire to accommodate nails or other hanging assemblies.
Wire for Hanging (non-rusting like copper or aluminum; sized to hold the weight of your finished product)
Plaster - mixed as directed
*This MUST be traditional modeling clay or Plasticine, not Play-Doh or similar play clays. Play-Doh is water-based. It tends to absorb moisture out of the plaster and turn into a big, gooey mess that can't be pulled out of the cavity easily.
Decide how deep you want the cavity to be. You probably don't want the cavity to be any deeper than half the full depth of the object.
Determine how wide you want the cavity to be. It should be fairly wide, allowing you to center the object when it hangs. This is especially important with unsymmetrical objects because you won't know where the center of gravity might be. Add an extra inch or more (depending on the size of your object) to this width and cut your wire to length.
The cavity should also be sufficiently tall, so the object hangs off the wire, not the top of the cavity.
Create The Hanger
Next you simply need to embed your wire in clay that fits the dimensions of the cavity in which the wire will be placed. Make sure your wire ends are poking out. I like to curl or bend these so the plaster "grips" it better.
Pour your plaster piece, tap out air bubble and immediately place this assembly in the back, roughly centered vertically and above the center horizontally in the thickest section you can find. Make sure you embed the wire edges in the plaster.
Once the object has set, use toothpicks or other tools to dig out the clay. Finish the piece as you'd like and hang from your wire.
I love this video. It's the modern anthem of misunderstood geek girls of every era whose fandom and enthusiasm for people like famous mathematicians or obscure fantasy and sci-fi heroes completely perplexed their friends.
I recently posted this Chalkboard Conversation Heart project on Instructables. This wall hanging is poured plaster molded using a combination of craft foam and modeling clay. The link to the project, including step-by-step directions, is here.
A few years ago, I made custom conversation heart candies following the directions from Evil Mad Scientist. The process was fun. I put some engineering and trade terms on the hearts for a good laugh. This year, in keeping with the conversation hearts Valentine tradition, I wanted to make a large sign (or several) that looked like the candy.
Plaster seemed to be the perfect medium for my project because I wanted to make the hearts nice and thick without having to resort to cutting intricate designs out of a huge chunk of wood. Once I had resolved to pour plaster, I set out to find the perfect mold. I had no luck. Soap molds, cooking molds, etc. all had some kind of weird lip or edge. I even considered using a box from Valentine's chocolates but none of them was exactly right (for which my waistband is grateful).
I've created temporary molds before, usually destroying the mold in the process. However, this was the first time I've tried to construct one out of craft foam and I hoped that the mold could be reused. The foam surface, I reasoned, would give a nice matte finish to the plaster and that was the ideal surface finish on which to use a gritty chalkboard paint. Modeling clay was used to temporarily "mortar" the pieces together and the mold seemed fairly solid. I just had to make sure I used plenty of clay and pressed it around the edges well to seal he gaps. As you can see, the mold worked!
Originally, I intended to simply paint my heart and stamp a phrase onto it. However, I wasn't sure what message to use. I wanted to be trendy but I also didn't want to have to repaint it every year to keep it modern. So I decided to use colored chalkboard paint which would allow me to add new phrases anytime I wanted. Thanks to Martha Stewart's instructions for custom colored chalkboard paint, I was able to create a durable finish with a small bottle of acrylic craft paint and some tile grout.